What is Private 5G?


Most if not all people living today know what a 5G network is. They understand that it is obviously faster than 3G, 4G, and LTE networks; simply because it came after so it must be faster. 5G network the is the fifth-generation wireless technology, that is up to 100x faster than 4G LTE and provide benefits in ultra-wide coverage, ultra-low latency, and miss-critical reliability. However, most users don’t know what a Private 5G network is.

Private 5G refers to the deployment of a dedicated, localized 5G network by an organization specifically for its own use. So rather than relying on a public mobile network operator, this “organization” can and will be in control of its own “private” network. This approach allows businesses, government agencies, and other entities to have greater control, security, and customization over their wireless communications infrastructure. This does sound simpler than what it actually is, so lets breakdown the key components and aspects of Private 5G:

Spectrum Allocation & What is Shared Spectrum Band?  

Private 5G networks can operate on licensed, unlicensed, or shared spectrum bands, depending on regulatory requirements and the specific needs of the organization.  

A shared spectrum band refers to a portion of the radio frequency spectrum that is allocated for use by multiple entities or users under a regulatory framework. Unlike licensed spectrum, which is exclusively assigned to specific operators or organizations, and unlicensed spectrum, which is open for use by anyone within certain technical regulations, shared spectrum bands provide a balance between exclusivity and accessibility. 

Licensed spectrum offers exclusivity and interference protection but requires licensing from regulatory authorities. Unlicensed spectrum, such as the 5 GHz band, provides flexibility but may be subject to interference from other devices. Shared spectrum, like CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service) in the United States, combines aspects of both licensed and unlicensed spectrum, enabling organizations to dynamically access spectrum resources. Which allows users, entities, etc. to use a licensed spectrum exclusively for their own network.  

Strong Encryption & Authentication 

Security is a critical consideration for private 5G networks, especially in industries such as healthcare, finance, manufacturing, and even governments; where sensitive data and operations are involved. Organizations must implement robust security measures to protect against cyber threats, unauthorized access, and data breaches. This includes encryption, authentication, access control, intrusion detection, and security monitoring. 

Private 5G obviously offers a more secure and “private” networks with greater control over data privacy while still being compliant with regulatory requirements, as users will still have full visibility and ownership of their network infrastructure.

What is the Difference Between Private 5G & 5G? 

Private 5G and Public 5G networks share the same underlying standard technology and capabilities, but differ in deployment, management, and usage. Private 5G networks can be faster than public 5G networks, while also offering greater efficiency, reliability and capacity as its target use is narrowed down. Private 5G networks can cover hundreds of squares miles with speeds ranging from 30 to 250 Mbps. While Public 5G networks can become congested in areas during peak usage time, which leads to slower speeds. Here is a breakdown of the key differences between both networks:


Private 5G  

Public 5G  

Ownership & Control  

Owned, operated, & controlled by a single organization or entity  

Typically owned & operated by telecommunications companies or mobile network operators (MNOs)  

Coverage & Deployment  

Deployed within a tailored specific geographic area  

  • Factory 
  • Campus,  
  • Industrial Sites 

Deployed across wide geographic regions to provide wide public coverage 

  • Urban Cities  
  • Rural Areas 
  • Metroplitan Areas  

Security & Privacy  

User fully controls all data with security measures using 

  • Encryption 
  • Authentication 
  • Access Control 
  • Network Segmentation 

Protect user data & communications depending on  

  • Network Architecture  
  • Service Providers  
  • Regulatory Requirements  

Customization & Optimization  

Offers organizations the flexibility to customize network  

  • Configurations  
  • Services  
  • Applications  

Provides standardized services and offerings to a broad range of users and devices 

Use Cases & Applications  

Suited for a wide range of cases across different industries 

  • Industrial Automation  
  • Smart Manufacturing  
  • Healthcare  
  • Smart Cities  

Supports diverse user cases for consumer and enterprise applications in both urban and rural environments.  

How is it Designed & Deployed (Private 5G Network Architecture) 

Private 5G networks typically follow the same architecture principles as public 5G networks, including the use of small cells, base stations, and core network components. However, private networks may be tailored to the specific requirements of the organization, such as coverage, capacity, and latency. The network architecture can be designed to support various use cases, including enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), massive machine-type communications (mMTC), and ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC). 

Organizations can deploy private 5G networks using a variety of infrastructure options, including on-premises equipment, cloud-based solutions, or hybrid approaches. On-premises deployments involve installing base stations, antennas, and other equipment within the organization's premises, providing direct control and low-latency connectivity. Cloud-based solutions leverage virtualized network functions and software-defined networking (SDN) to deliver 5G services from centralized data centers or cloud platforms, offering scalability and flexibility. Hybrid deployments combine on-premises and cloud-based elements to optimize performance, cost, and management. 

Why Would You Use Private 5G: Security/Privacy/Customization/Integration  

So what is the deciding factor of using Private 5G over Public 5G? It is decided on these four main user objectives:  

  1. Security  
  2. Privacy  
  3. Customization  
  4. Integration  

Security is a critical consideration for private 5G networks, especially in industries such as healthcare, finance, and manufacturing, where sensitive data and operations are involved. Organizations must implement robust security measures to protect against cyber threats, unauthorized access, and data breaches. This includes encryption, authentication, access control, intrusion detection, and security monitoring. Additionally, private 5G networks afford organizations greater control over data privacy and compliance with regulatory requirements, as they have full visibility and ownership of their network infrastructure and data.  

Private 5G networks offer organizations the flexibility to customize and integrate network services and applications to meet their specific requirements and workflows. This includes integrating with existing IT systems, enterprise applications, and IoT (Internet of Things) devices to enable seamless communication and collaboration across the organization. By tailoring the network to their needs, organizations can optimize performance, efficiency, and productivity across various business functions and use cases. 

Can Private 5G replace Wi-Fi?  

Private 5G networks can offer higher performance and capacity compared to traditional Wi-Fi networks. With support for ultra-low latency, high throughput, and massive device connectivity, 5G can provide a superior user experience, especially in environments with high-density deployments or demanding applications such as augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and real-time video streaming. 

While private 5G networks offer several advantages over traditional Wi-Fi networks, it's important to note that Wi-Fi still has its own strengths, including widespread adoption, interoperability, and cost-effectiveness for indoor and consumer-oriented deployments. Additionally, the coexistence of Wi-Fi and 5G technologies is likely in many environments, with each serving complementary roles based on specific use cases, requirements, and preferences; however it is still a question worth asking.  

Use Cases 

Private 5G networks offer a wide range of industrial use cases across various sectors, leveraging the technology's capabilities such as low latency, high reliability, and massive device connectivity. Here's a list of industrial use cases for private 5G networks along with explanations:  

  1. Manufacturing Automation: Private 5G networks enable real-time communication and coordination between machines, robots, and control systems in smart factories.  
  2. Industrial IoT (IIoT): Supports the deployment of a large number of IoT devices and sensors for monitoring, tracking, and controlling assets, equipment, and environmental conditions in industrial environments. This enables data-driven insights, condition-based maintenance, and optimization of resource utilization, enhancing overall operational efficiency and asset management. 
  3. Remote Monitoring and Control: Enable remote monitoring and control of critical infrastructure, equipment, and processes in industries such as energy, utilities, and transportation. With low-latency connectivity and high reliability, operators can remotely access and manage assets, perform diagnostics, and respond to incidents in real-time, improving safety, uptime, and operational resilience. 
  4. Autonomous Vehicles and Robotics: Private 5G networks support autonomous vehicles, drones, and robots for material handling, logistics, and warehouse operations. These systems rely on low-latency communication, precise positioning, and seamless connectivity to navigate environments, avoid obstacles, and execute tasks autonomously, leading to improved efficiency, safety, and scalability in logistics and supply chain management. 
  5. Smart Grid and Energy Management: Private 5G networks facilitate smart grid applications for energy distribution, monitoring, and optimization in utilities and renewable energy systems. Smart meters, sensors, and grid devices can communicate data in real-time, enabling dynamic load balancing, demand response, and predictive maintenance to enhance grid reliability, efficiency, and sustainability. 
  6. Healthcare: Private 5G networks support telemedicine, remote patient monitoring, and healthcare IoT applications in hospitals, clinics, and remote locations. High-speed connectivity, low-latency communication, and network slicing enable real-time teleconsultations, medical imaging, and patient data exchange, improving access to healthcare services, patient outcomes, and medical research. 

These industrial use cases demonstrate the transformative potential of private 5G networks in enhancing operational efficiency, safety, and innovation across diverse industries and applications. By leveraging the capabilities of private 5G, organizations can unlock new opportunities for digital transformation, automation, and Edge AI.  

For more information on Private 5G compatibility, contact our embedded and edge computing experts at sales@premioinc.com